There are several reasons why you can give a cramp: dehydration, overuse of a muscle or being in the same position for a prolonged time.
Cramp is an involuntary muscle contraction that can be very painful and uncomfortable.
Many people experience leg cramps (especially the calf and toes) at night. The cause of these cramps is unknown, although some practitioners have said that it may be a potassium, calcium, magnesium, vitamin, or some imbalance of fluid in the body.
Diuretics can cause sodium depletion and in some cases also cause loss of potassium. Many patients who use diuretics are also on diets with sodium restriction. If you have leg cramps and are taking a diuretic consult your doctor to find a way to restore sodium and potassium levels.
In some cases it is possible that the lack of physical activity and lead a life of will contribute to the problem, either directly or indirectly.
When there is lack of physical activity and one spends most of the day sitting, the muscles of the legs and of the calves and the feet do not function as they should.
This causes a tightening of the muscles, which during relaxation in sleep can lead to contractions and consequently nocturnal cramps in the legs.
Pregnant women also experience leg cramps. In this case, having the baby everything returns to normal.
Calcium and magnesium supplements have been shown to help prevent cramps associated with pregnancy. An adequate intake of these two minerals during pregnancy is important for this and other reasons. But you should consult your doctor to find out the recommended dose.
What to do to relieve a cramp
– To relieve a cramp in the calf, the person should stand up and put his weight on the side of the leg with the cramp while slightly flexing the knee. ] Lack of exercise can cause cramps
– Another option is to gently massage the affected part. – Another people say that putting the affected part in warm water relieves the cramp. How to prevent cramps
– It is important to make sure you take the recommended amount of fluids per day to stay well hydrated.
– Eat a balanced diet including foods rich in potassium such as bananas and tomato Another mineral whose deficiency has been linked to leg cramps is calcium.Make sure you drink milk and include foods that have calcium in your diet.
– Participate in a regimen of moderate exercises like yoga or pilates to strengthen muscles and also to relax.
– Do stretching exercises during the day.
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