Diabetes is a lifelong disease in which the body isn’t able to produce enough insulin. It affects the way your body handles glucose.
0Glucose is a type of sugar that comes from the foods we eat, and it’s also formed and stored inside the body. It is carried to each cell through the bloodstream and it’s the main source of energy. The number of people suffering from diabetes is constantly increasing, while type 2 diabetes is more common.
Hyperglycemia is the technical term for high blood glucose. Hyperglycemia appears when the body has too little insulin (type 1 diabetes) or when the body can’t use insulin properly (type 2 diabetes).
If the condition lasts for a long time period, permanent damage to some parts of the body such as: the eyes, nerves, kidneys and blood vessels can occur.
- an illness, such as a cold
- eating too much, such as snacking between meals
- a lack of exercise
missing a dose of your diabetes medication, or taking an incorrect dose
over-treating an episode of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
taking certain medicines, such as steroid medication
- Dry mouth
- Always being hungry
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Dry and itchy skin
- Daily fatigue or extreme tiredness
- Difficulty concentrating
- Excess abdominal fat/weight gain
- Recurrent infections
- Blurred vision
- Slow healing of cuts and wounds
- Nerve problems
- Stomach problems
The glycemic index (GI) is a value assigned to foods based on how slowly or how quickly those foods cause increases in blood glucose levels. It starts from 0 and goes up to 100. This index can show us the amount of carbs in different foods which increase blood sugar. Foods low on the glycemic index (GI) scale tend to release glucose slowly and steadily. Foods high on the glycemic index release glucose rapidly.
In case you are looking for a way to eliminate blood sugar symptoms, you will need to take lower GI foods because they have the ability to reduce insulin levels. These foods are also great for weight management.
ONE PART OF THE GI FOOD LIST:
- One cup of hummus equals – 6
- One egg – 0
- One mid-sized yellow onion – 10
- One cup of broccoli – 10
- One cup of cashew nuts – 22
- One cup of walnuts – 15
- One large grapefruit – 50
- One cup of cherries – 22
- One cup of yogurt – 23
- One cup of butter beans – 34
- One Turkey sausage – 28
- One mid-sized apple – 38
- One cup of kidney beans – 31
- One cup of spaghetti – 42
- Eight ounces of tomato juice – 38
- Eight ounces of pineapple juice – 46
- One cup of green grapes – 46
- One medium orange – 48
- One large carrot – 47
- One cup of peas – 54
- One large banana – 52
This low GI foods should be consumed on a daily basis. The moderate GI foods should be taken moderately, while the high GI foods should be avoided because they can lead to many serious health problems.
LOW GI FOODS (55 OR LESS)
- 100% stone-ground whole wheat or pumpernickel bread
- Oatmeal, oat bran, muesli
- Pasta, converted rice, barley, bulgar
- Sweet potato, corn, yam, lima/butter beans, peas, legumes and lentils
- Most fruits, non-starchy vegetables and carrots
MODERATE GI FOODS (56-69)
- Whole wheat, rye and pita bread
- Quick oats
- Brown, wild or basmati rice, couscous
HIGH GI FOODS (70 OR MORE)
- White bread or bagel
- Corn flakes, puffed rice, bran flakes, instant oatmeal
- Short grain white rice, rice, pasta, macaroni and cheese from mix
- Russet potato, pumpkin
- Pretzels, rice cakes, popcorn, saltine crackers
- Melons and pineapple
Diabetes is closely connected with food intakes and body weight. Therefore, only small changes in diet can make an important difference and help in achieving a healthy body weight and manage diabetes.